Nº 4 2014 > ITU Kaleidoscope 2014
ITU Kaleidoscope Academic Conference 2014
Living in a converged world — impossible without standards?
The all-encompassing nature of technological and industrial convergence calls for a multidisciplinary approach to standards. The ITU Kaleidoscope Academic Conference 2014, held in Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, from 3 to 5 June 2014, therefore approached the topic “Living in a converged world — impossible without standards?” from a variety of perspectives. The conference was held at the invitation of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Media, and hosted by the Bonch‑Bruevich Saint-Petersburg State University of Télécommunications.
Information and communication technologies (ICT) are increasingly converging with different industries and social sectors. This is evidenced daily by innovations such as e‑health, intelligent transport systems, smart grid, mobile money and smart water management.
The need for standards to enable interoperability and compatibility has never been more apparent. In future it will be difficult to find an industry or socio-economic activity that does not rely on the common backbone provided by ICT. This places huge demands on ICT standardization.
Keynote speeches shared insight into the potential of nanoscale communications, and developments in cloud computing and sensor networks. Professor Ian F. Akyildiz (Broadband Wireless Networking Lab at the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, United States) talked about the Internet of Nanothings. Y. Koucheryavy (Tampere University of Technology, Finland) expanded on experimental biology and molecular communications, while Antonio Puliafito and Maria Fazio (University of Messina, Italy) presented the pros and cons of data-centric versus device-centric cloud services for resource monitoring.
“Nanotechnology is providing a new set of tools to the engineering community to design nanoscale components with unprecedented functionalities,” observes Professor Ian F. Akyildiz. He explains that networks of nanomachines (nanonetworks) will enable a plethora of applications in the biomedical, environmental and industrial fields, among others, once a way is found to enable these machines to communicate.
A new wireless technology is needed to respond to this challenge, because simply miniaturizing classical antenna would impose the use of very high radiation frequencies, compromising the feasibility of electromagnetic nanonetworks. Professor Akyildiz is therefore working on graphene-enabled electromagnetic communication.
The results of modelling and analysis point to the terahertz band (0.1–10 THz) as the frequency range of operation of novel graphene-based plasmonic nanoantennas. Further work has led to the development of a novel channel model for terahertz band communication, taking account of the channel capacity of this unregulated frequency band. New communication mechanisms are also being developed for electromagnetic nanonetworks, including modulation based on the transmission of femtosecond-long pulses, low-weight codes for channel error prevention, a symbol detection scheme at the nanoreceiver, an energy model for self-powered nanomachines with piezoelectric nanogenerators, and a medium access control protocol tailored to the terahertz band. Finally, a one-to-one nanolink is emulated to validate the proposed solutions.
In the imaginary world of Kaleidoscope’s Jules Verne’s corner, pheromones act as carrier substances in nanonetworks, enabling electromagnetic or molecular communications between human beings.
Three invited papers covered the role of software-defined networking and network virtualization in the transition to Internet protocol version 6 (IPv6), the accessibility of broadcasting and broadband technologies to the elderly and persons with disabilities, and the workings of the world of ICT standardization.
“A Software Defined Approach to Unified IPv6 Transition” was presented by Kevin Hu (Huawei Technologies, China). Christoph Dosch (ITU–R Study Group 6 Chairman; IRT GmbH, Germany) spoke about creating more inclusive communications, presenting “Conversion of Broadcasting and Broadband Internet — A benefit for people with disabilities (and for us all)”. In “Standardization: A primer”, Ken Krechmer (University of Colorado, United States) offered an insider’s view into ICT standardization processes.
State of the art
A technical programme committee composed of more than 100 ICT experts from academia, research institutes and the private sector evaluated 98 papers submitted by authors from 39 countries. Of these, 34 papers were selected for publication and presentation.
The research results relate to various ITU activities, such as quality of service, cybersecurity, digital identity, future networks, cloud computing, radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology, optical wireless networks, accessibility, sensor networks, multimedia applications, open data, e-health, emergency communication networks, and standards education. A number of papers address specifically radio-related matters, in particular third-generation (3G), fourth-generation (4G) and fifth-generation (5G) mobile communications and their impact on spectrum.
The authors of the three winning papers shared a prize of USD 10 000 offered by SES (Luxembourg):
- 1st prize (USD 5000): “Towards converged 5G mobile networks — Challenges and current trends” by Anna Wielgoszewska (Zakrzewska), Sarah Ruepp and Michael S. Berger (Technical University of Denmark). Anna Wielgoszewska (Zakrzewska) is now with Bell Labs Ireland.
- 2nd prize (USD 3000): “Dynamic mobile sensor network platform for ID-based communication” by Ved P. Kafle, Yusuke Fukushima and Hiroaki Harai (NICT, Japan).
- 3rd prize (USD 2000): “Combining ICT-standards essential-patents and medical-managerial guidelines towards sustainable assisted-living and home-care” by B. Spyropoulos (Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Greece).
Young Author Recognition Certificates were awarded to: Anna Wielgoszewska (Zakrzewska); José Vinícius de Miranda Cardoso (Federal University of Campina Grande — UFCG, Brazil); Veronica Rojas Mendizabal (CICESE Research Center, Mexico); Megi Medzmariashvili (Lund University, Sweden); Beny Nugraha (Mercu Buana University, Indonesia); Eduardo Saiz (University of the Basque Country, Spain); Fan Bai (Waseda University, Japan); and Nikolay Suschenko and Alexander Lutokhin (Federal State Unitary Enterprise Radio Research and Development Institute, Russian Federation).
ITU academia members
Representatives of ten ITU academia members presented their research work as part of the conference programme, and some of them have expressed an interest in contributing to the work of ITU–T study groups. For example, the University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy, intends to submit a contribution to the next ITU–T Study Group 17 meeting, based on “Global convergence in digital identity and attribute management: Emerging needs for standardization”, a paper presented by Maurizio Talamo and Daniela Merella. The University of the Basque Country, Spain, has already made a contribution to ITU–T Study Group 11, based on “Global standards, the key enablers for deploying next-generation emergency communications networks”, a paper presented by Fidel Liberal. This paper proposes an emergency inter-networking system capable of connecting existing first responder communication systems and enabling the integration of next-generation mobile networks. Work has also been carried out on a “Unified methodology of Internet speed quality measurement usable by end-users on the fixed and mobile networks”, thanks to a contribution from the University of the Basque Country. Takuro Sato, from Waseda University, Japan, one of the authors of a poster on “Content distribution in information-centric networks: Economic incentive analysis in game theoretic approach”, hopes that his research results will be reflected in international standards within the scope of ITU–T Question 15/13.
Read more about it
All papers presented at the conference are included in the Conference Proceedings and are freely available for download on the Kaleidoscope 2014 web page (http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/academia/kaleidoscope/2014/Pages/default.aspx).